What is a Calf Augmentation?
Calf augmentation is a technique that aims to increase the size and shape of the calf.
Some people have a naturally thin or underdeveloped calf, and despite exercise or diet, this leg remains small.
This may result in an impairment in quality of life resulting in attempts to cover up their calves.
Patients may request calf augmentation for pure aesthetic or cosmetic reasons. Women may desire only the medial or inner leg filled out. Body builders may want both the inner and outer lower leg filled out. Calf augmentation can be provided by either calf implants or by autologous fat transfer.
There are many reasons for patients having underdeveloped calf muscles which include both Congenital and Acquired Causes. Congenitally there may be underlying causes such as Skeletal malformations, Neuromuscular abnormalities, CNS abnormalities and Acquired causes include Peripheral motor neuron disease, Infections involving the CNS, Collagen-vascular diseases and Trauma.
It is important to be examined thoroughly and to investigate any underlying causes before considering surgery.
Surgery can either be in the form of calf augmentation with a foreign body – ie silicone or the use of ones own tissue – ie autologous fat transfer. The choice of options depends on the pros and cons of the techniques and this needs to be discussed at a consultation. There are more risks associated with silicone implants but they do give a more reliable increase in volume. Autologous fat transfer is a relatively safe technique but may need to be repeated and the fat can resorb over time.